Drug addiction is prevailing in our country when Rodrigo Duterte become the president of the Philippines he conducted a project the “Oplan Tokhang” in which 6,500 people have been killed by the police officers since the launch of the operation. Three out of 4 rehab patients have a monthly family income of less than P11,000 (just above the poverty threshold), while the average monthly income of rehab patients is around P16,000. Thankfully, the DDB is set to release soon its latest estimates of drug use for 2015. President Rodrigo Duterte has claimed that the country could become a "narco-state".Two of the most used and valuable illegal drugs in the country are methamphetamine hydrochloride (known locally as shabu) and marijuana. Subsequent figures were obtained by the DDB through surveys. Understanding the causality (rather than just the correlations) behind these trends highlights the need for further research. When they wear off, a user gets depressed, lonely and sick, appears confused, sweats a lot, has red eyes, and neglects his/her physical appearance. Furthermore, there is an immediate need to do an epidemiologic study of the extent of drug abuse, which will significantly help fulfill the need for policy, treatment, and prevention. Harmful irreversible effects of inhalants include: Disorderly behavior from drug abuse or stealing to buy drugs can lead to arrests. The DDB attributed this steep decline to supply and demand reduction efforts, like  "intensified operations" of drug law enforcement agencies and "drug demand reduction programs.". The effects of illegal drugs do not last long. The prevalence of illegal drug use in the Philippines is lower than the global average, according to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). In the Philippines it has reached epidemic proportions and is one of the top priorities on the government’s agenda. What can explain these correlated trends? Drug Trafficking & Controlled Substances When a state or federal government classifies a substance as "controlled," it generally means that the use and distribution of the substance is governed by law. In his first State of the Nation Address, President Rodrigo Duterte said that, based on data from the Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency (PDEA), there were about “3 million drug addicts” in the country “two or 3 years ago,” and possibly 3.7 million now. Metro Manila (CNN Philippines, January 8)— Justice Secretary Menardo Guevarra on Wednesday countered claims that the administration’s anti-illegal drug … It is subdivided into 4 activities, namely: transportation of dangerous drugs and controlled precursors and essential chemicals (CPECs), … Then comes the irrational craving. Here’s hoping that the statistics on drug use play a more prominent role in future discussions and evaluations of the intensifying drug war. Over the years to come, drug use would begin to rise in popularity, with its epicenter at the capital of the Philippines, Manila. In 2001, the 5.8 million figure is the average of the 2.2-9.3 million users estimated by SWS. Figure 2. Drug addiction in the Philippines has increased at alarming rates since World War II. And we are winning the war on illegal drugs. Source: DDB Annual Report (various years). 3) Rehab patients tend to be male, poor, and addicted to shabu. 1) The latest official estimate of drug users in the country is 1.3 million as of 2012. The authors are a group of graduate students from the University of the Philippines. Sources: PDEA and DDB, as collected in the Philippine Statistical Yearbook 2015. Get the latest information from CDC (coronavirus.gov) | NIH Resources | NIDA Resources, M. Hembra Western Visayas Medical Center and West Visayas State University College of Medicine, Iloilo City, Philippines. We just sent a link to your inbox. The prevalence of illegal drugs in the Philippines has not been accurately determined. By signing up you agree to Rappler’s Terms and Conditions and Privacy. Social, Political and Economic Context of Illegal Drug Abuse in the Philippines, Grants Address OUD in Criminal Justice Settings, NIDA International Drug Abuse Research Abstract Database, Accessibility and Section 508 Information, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Abusers of prescription drugs tend to combine their medication with other prescription drugs, illegal drugs, or alcohol. Source: DDB Annual Report 2014. Nearly a third have reached some level of college while over a quarter have reached some level of high school. San Miguel Corporation’s 1-billion donation for rehab centers. Figure 4. Most of the drug users in the Philippines are young people. 63. The Health Effects of Marijuana. Lastly, we can learn more about the nature of drug use in the country by looking at the profile of drug users in rehabilitation centers. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Incidentally, the number of marijuana plantation sites eradicated by the PDEA in 2014 (506 sites) were also at an all-time high in 2014 (see Figure 3). Of course, not all drug users have the opportunity to undergo rehab, and the following figures may not be representative of the average drug user in the country. They take hazardous risks, such as driving under the influence and having unprotected sex or sex with multiple partners. Or could they be indirect measures of the rise and fall of the drug problem on the ground? Can’t find it? You will be re-directed to our payment partner to complete your payment. Source: Simple averages using data on the DDB website for various years. The most frequently used drug in the Philippines is a street version of Amphetamine known as Shabu drug or “poor man’s cocaine.” As per the 2012 United Nations report, the Philippines had the highest rate of shabu abuse among countries in East Asia; about 2.2% of Filipinos between the ages of 16–64 were meth users . Below is a brief run down on the minimum amount of drug possession in the Philippines and its penalties.. Since taking office on June 30, 2016, Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte has carried out a “war on drugs” that has led to the deaths of over 12,000 Filipinos to date, mostly urban poor. Here is a summary of the most commonly used illegal drugs and the effects each could have on your health. Note: Income data refer to monthly family income for 2015 only. First, note there was a significant drop in drug arrests and raids around 2004, and the trend started to increase around 2013. MANILA, Philippines – The aggressive war against illegal drugs is one issue where instinct and emotion – rather than facts and reason – have unfortunately taken hold on many fronts. However, estimates by the UNODC showed the annual prevalence for marijuana is 3.5 percent, amphetamine-type stimulants 2.8 percent, and ecstasy .01 percent of the population above 15 years of age. Inhalant abusers may also experience lightheadedness, hallucinations, and delusions. The sad truth is that more deaths, illnesses, and disabilities are caused by substance abuse than by any other preventable health condition. Click the link to continue signing in. This could provide a valuable benchmark against which the Duterte administration can measure the progress of its drug war. Figure 1. Figure 3. Since his 2016 presidential campaign, Duterte has vowed to kill every drug dealer and user in the country, and subsequently eradicate the use of illegal drugs within the Philippines. Introduction. – Rappler.com. The effects of illegal drugs do not last long. 2) The number of drug-related raids and arrests in 2014 were the highest in a decade. This study will attempt to determine the economic, political, and social context of the use of illegal drugs in the Philippines. Their views are independent of the views of their affiliations. This leads to more side effects and the risk of overdose very high. Drug Trafficking Trends Illegal drug trafficking is the most prevalent and by far the most pervasive illegal drug activity in the Philippines. 10 Side Effects of Prescription Drug Abuse. In 1999, the DDB estimated 1.8 million regular users and 1.6 million occasional users of illegal drugs, totaling 3.4 million users. It appears, then, that the extent of drug use in the country seems to have actually gone down from 2004 to 2012 (6.7 million to 1.3 million) – or a total decline of 81% in 8 years. After winning a landslide victory in June 2016, President Rodrigo Duterte of the Philippines immediately fulfilled a campaign promise and instigated a so-called ‘war on drugs.’ He publicly endorsed the arrest and killing of suspected drug users and sellers, even going so far as to promise the police there would be no repercussions for their actions. As I have promised since I assumed command over the PNP in April 2018, we will not relax, we will not relent, and we will fulfill our President’s vision of a drug-free Philippines,” said PNP chief, Gen Oscar Albayalde, in his speech during the 118th Police Service Anniversary in Camp Crame on Friday. Check your spam & junk mail. Exiting the registration flow at this point will mean you will loose your progress. Beast, Boulder, CO, Marijuana sholud stay illegal because if it is legalized, more people will smoke it, causing negative effects on health and families. The effects of inhalants are similar to that of alcohol, including slurred speech, lack of coordination, euphoria and dizziness. Side effects of drug addiction may include: A weakened immune system, increasing the risk of illness and infection Heart conditions ranging from abnormal heart rates to heart attacks and collapsed veins and blood vessel infections from injected drugs Nausea and abdominal pain, which can also lead to changes in appetite and weight loss Then comes the irrational craving. But still, the administrative data collected by the DDB give a number of useful insights. (READ: San Miguel Corporation’s 1-billion donation for rehab centers). According to the International Narcotics Control Strategy Report 2003, it is estimated that there are 1.8 million drug users in the Philippines, which is equivalent to 2.2 percent of the population. Sadly, the reasons why aren’t clear cut. Illicit drugs that are present include marijuana, LSD, opiates, and barbiturates. However, a closer look shows that relevant drug law agencies came up with much lower official statistics in recent years (see Figure 1). Click the link to continue registering. But at a more fundamental level, even before we decide which strategy is better, it will do well for everyone to step back and contemplate first the current nature and extent of drug use using all available information. As of the first semester of 2015, the monthly poverty threshold for a family of five is P9,140 according to the PSA. If marijuana is legalized, people will think smoking marijuana … As the momentum of the current drug war increases, let's all keep in mind why we are doing it in the first place: to reduce the prevalence of drug use. Proponents of marijuana legalization and pot smokers, in general, tend to believe there is no harm in using marijuana, but scientific research tells us differently. First, rehab patients are overwhelmingly male (around 10 males for every female), and the mean age is around 30 years. Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency agents and police secure part of a street as they search a house looking for a drug dealer during a raid in Maharlika village, south of Manila, on February 28, 2018. MANILA, Philippines – The aggressive war against illegal drugs is one issue where instinct and emotion – rather than facts and reason – have unfortunately taken hold on many fronts. The unemployed are more likely to be in rehab than the employed, while more out-of-school youths are in rehab than students. Could they be an indication of the changing aggressiveness of past administrations in going after drugs? We just sent a link to your inbox. Of course, measuring drug use is complicated and estimates can be subject to wide margins. The Philippine drug war is the anti-drug policy and actions of the Philippine government under President Rodrigo Duterte, who assumed office on June 30, 2016.According to former Philippine National Police Chief Ronald dela Rosa, the policy is aimed at "the neutralization of illegal drug personalities nationwide".. Duterte has urged members of the public to kill criminals and drug addicts. In 2008, a survey conducted by the Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) estimated a much lower figure of 1.7 million drug users nationwide (1.9% of the 2008 population). The number of admissions into drug rehabilitation centers also increased to more than 10,000 in 2014. In fact, the number of drug raids and arrests conducted by PDEA in 2014 was the highest since 2004 and 2006, respectively. The controversial anti-drug campaign is maintained by Duterte as his top priority since his leadership two years ago. In 2012, the DDB in cooperation with the Philippine Normal University came up with a separate study that put the figure to be even lower at 1.3 million (1.3% of the 2012 population). Their carelessness can lead to getting involved in violent situations either as a victim or assailant. Slowly, new laws were put in place to make drug use illegal. GARO/PHANIE Getty Images. Philippine law against drugs or Republic Act No.9165 is very strict, just like other Asian countries. Perhaps the first relevant statistic in any drug war is an estimate of the extent of drug use. However, there are many questions to be answered in order to come up with a comprehensive program to address this problem. These could help contextualize the country’s drug problem and put into perspective the government’s response. Image courtesy of sfltimes.com. Notably, drug use has also been shown to be associated with other risky behaviors such as drunk driving, unprotected sex, and needle-sharing, … 1. However, when the Philippines gained their independence almost half a century later, and all previous laws regarding limiting drug use were overturned. They requested anonymity. There are two primary ways of doing it: by reducing drug supply or reducing drug demand. Finally, Figure 5 shows that, as of 2012, patients who entered rehab reported shabu and marijuana as the primary drugs that they abused. Whether in the streets, the Senate halls, or our Facebook feeds, the discussions surrounding this drug war have resulted in an unprecedented level of discord and misunderstanding among Filipinos. When they wear off, a user gets depressed, lonely and sick, appears confused, sweats a lot, has red eyes, and neglects his/her physical appearance. Far from having the desired effect, the United Nations’ drug strategy has given rise to a series of side effects, such as the emergence, between 2009 and 2017, of more than 800 new psychoactive substances, often sold at low prices as ‘legal stimulants’ and alternatives to existing illicit drugs, such as codeine, which is wreaking havoc in Nigeria, for example. Everyone is invited to look at and verify these data. Health, a crucial prerequisite and resource for development, is adversely affected as drug use impacts both morbidity and mortality. Can’t find it? Policymaking around the world is becoming increasingly evidence-based. References and links are provided below. The Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency (PDEA) gave ₱14,758,156.99 monetary reward to 30 confidential informants who provided information that resulted in the successful conduct of anti-drug operations and confiscation of voluminous amounts of illegal drugs, during the awarding ceremony held today, December 21, 2020, at the PDEA National Headquarters in Quezon City. Check your spam & junk mail. There are a variety of factors that influence illegal drug prevalence in the Philippines, namely geographic factors that make patrolling and protecting the country from smugglers of methamphetamine and planters of marijuana difficult; economic factors such as poverty; social factors such as the phenomenon of the overseas contract worker; media exposure and the decreasing moral fabric of the society; and political factors such as policies, drug laws, and enforcement. This would suggest that at least some credit should go to the drug law enforcement agencies in helping reduce drug supply over the years and using data to monitor such progress. After all, drug-related crimes ultimately stem from drug use. For this purpose, we have compiled key drug-related statistics from relevant government agencies. Drug abuse affects almost all countries of the world. Prolonged drug dependence interferes with just about every organ in the human body, and while different drugs have different damaging effects, these are some of the common conditions substance abuse can cause: The same should apply to the country’s current drug policy. Both figures actually represent a huge decline of drug users from the 6.7 million reported by the DDB way back in 2004. We summarize some of these below. By looking at the profile of rehab patients through the lens of statistics, the Duterte administration can better target its interventions and make better use of its resources for both prevention and rehabilitation. President Rodrigo Duterte’s war on drugs in the Philippines is morally and legally unjustifiable, says Vanda Felbab-Brown. There are a variety of factors that influence illegal drug prevalence in the Philippines, namely geographic factors that make patrolling and protecting the country from smugglers of methamphetamine and planters of marijuana difficult; economic factors such as poverty; social factors such as the phenomenon of the overseas contract worker; media exposure and the decreasing moral fabric of the society; … Conclusion:Drug abuse in the Philippines is multifactorial, and there is a need to study these different factors. Before the drug war, the death toll, and the animosity in social networks escalate any further, perhaps now would be a good time to step back, breathe deeply, and look at the facts and figures surrounding the nature and extent of the country’s drug problem. After his election in 2016, the president launched a hard-line campaign against "illegal drug personalities", claiming the Philippines had become a "narco-state". It has also been 4 years since the 1.3-million estimate of the DDB, and drug use may have increased or decreased since then. 64. Transnational Drug Trade International drug syndicates use the Philippines as a transit hub for the illegal drug trade. The data also show that gains in drug law enforcement were made in the past few years (see Figure 2). Project Name:Drug Addiction. Metro Manila is the region most affected by drugs with 92% of its barangays having drug-related cases. Philippine Statistical Yearbook 2015 same should apply to the PSA illegal drugs do not long! 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